One of the main reasons for reducing adulthood is to give 18- and 19-year-olds the right to financial and social independence. Japanese high school students graduate at the age of 17 or 18, but those who start working instead of going to higher education currently remain legal minors, meaning they need their parents` permission to get their own apartment and apply for a credit card until age 20. For children from abusive or embittered families, this can leave them trapped in an unhealthy or precarious living environment, even if they work and are able to support themselves. In 1892, marital rape and the subsequent death of a 10-year-old girl, Phulmoni Dasi, led to raising the age of consent from 10 to 12. In 1949, it was increased to 16 after groups of women became agitated about the harmful effects of early pregnancy. [ref. necessary].  On April 3, 2014, the Criminal Law Amendment Act 2013 came into force, raising the legal age of sexual consent from 16 to 18. Although the Criminal Law Amendment Act 2013 was originally intended to lower the age to 16, it was set at 18 due to political pressure from conservative parties.  § 375 states: A man commits “rape” if he (…) Sixth – With or without her consent if she is under eighteen years of age.  A Japanese`s age depends largely on his or her social position, from the early years of school to looking for a job and even retirement. For about 140 years, adulthood in Japan has been set at 20, and even a special celebration called “Seijin no Hi” (or Coming of Age Day) is held on the second Monday of January for young men and women who have reached that age.
The laws and rules of society change over time, and adulthood is no exception. In fact, legal adulthood in Japan has been lowered to 18 as of April 1, 2022. Although this does not affect traditional celebrations such as “seijin no hi”, it causes changes in marriage, rental age, etc. Since 18 has become adulthood in Japan, you`d think that almost anything anyone can do would start at that age. However, this is not the case and some activities may require different ages. Whether you already live in Japan or are planning to move there, you need to be aware of certain age limits. Articles 372 and 373 make it illegal to buy or sell minors for the purpose of prostitution. In addition, section 78 of the Children Act 2013 requires any person who has effective responsibility or supervision of a child (redefined by law as a person under the age of 18) to seduce or induce the child into prostitution.  In the Gaza Strip, any sexual activity outside of marriage is illegal.  The age of consent in Cambodia is 15, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.
 The age of consent in this country is determined by Section 8 of Chapter 4 (Debauchery) of the Anti-Abduction, Trafficking and Exploitation of Persons Act, which was specifically enacted to prohibit sexual relations with children under the age of 15. The law prohibits “debauchery” with a child under the age of 15, and this term (the original Cambodian word is anacha has been interpreted by the courts to prohibit any form of sexual behavior (consensual and non-consensual; both “normal” sex and paid sex) with a child under the age of 15. It is the main legal instrument for prosecuting foreigners who engage in child sex tourism in Cambodia.     With an aging population and a low birth rate, lowering the legal age would then increase the electoral pool. The revision of the Civil Code will also raise the legal age of marriage for women to 18. Currently, men over the age of 18 and women under the age of 16 can marry in Japan, but parental consent is required for those under 20. In 2015, Japan decided to lower the legal age of adulthood from 20 to 18. However, this threshold applies primarily to the right to vote. For most procedures, the legal age remains at 20. Article 4 of the Japanese Civil Code defines the age of adulthood (成年, his) as 20 years. Japan will lower adulthood from 20 to 18 in April by revising the Civil Code and changing the legal definition of an adult for the first time in more than 140 years, opening up new freedoms and responsibilities for 18- and 19-year-olds. The age of sexual consent is the same as in Jordanian article 306 of the Penal Code.
Consensual sex is legal at age 16.  According to Article 287 of the Indonesian Penal Code, the age of consent in Indonesia is 15.  The age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is legally old enough to consent to engage in sexual activity. Persons aged 14 or younger in Indonesia are legally incapable of consenting to sexual activity, and such activities may result in prosecution for legal rape or relevant local law. I cannot help but wonder about the government`s motivation for investing the time and energy to make this change to the law. But if you go through the list of rights and restrictions, it seems pretty clear. As the legal and litigation system has long shown, this has little to do with the extension, promotion or protection of individual human rights. It is legal for Japanese citizens aged 20 and over to drink alcohol in public, and this will continue to be the case after 2022. Theoretically, you must also be at least 20 years old to enter a nightclub. Starting April 1, some teenagers in Japan will be able to sign contracts and rent apartments themselves, but they are still not legally allowed to smoke, drink or gamble, according to a change in Japanese law. Consensual sexual relations outside of marriage are legally permitted for people aged 21 and over.
 If a married person has sexual relations with a person to whom he or she is not married, the Code of Criminal Procedure gives the person to whom he or she is married the freedom to file a complaint of adultery if he or she so wishes. They also have the freedom to drop charges after they file if they wish. However, these options would not be available after three months since the person became aware of the adultery. Marriage should, of course, be recognized by the government so that the options mentioned can be made available. In the Edo period, girls as young as 13 and boys as young as 15 were considered adults, but during the Meiji period in 1876, the legal age was officially raised to 20 for both sexes. In 2015, the Japanese government`s diet decided to lower adulthood to 18; However, this law will not come into force until 2022. Be aware that while some municipalities and prefectures have taken steps to recognize them and even in some cases issue certificates that are not legally binding, same-sex marriage is still not legal in Japan. However, in the case of transsexual couples where one partner is legally recognized as a man and the other as a woman, the usual marriage laws apply. In 2018, the Japanese government approved an amendment to the country`s Civil Code that will lower the legal majority from two years to 18 years on April 1, 2022. However, this is not a general change, as even after the transition, some of the rights and privileges currently denied to minors will not be available to persons under the age of 20.
The revision of the Japanese Civil Code does not apply to alcohol and cigarettes. Young people from the age of 20 are allowed to do so. This law will remain in force after 2022. In convenience stores, suspicious teens may even be asked to identify themselves on a touchscreen when making a purchase or confirm their age. Some cigarette vending machines require a Taspo card, which is specifically designed to prevent minors from smoking. Article 103 regulates any type of sexual activity with minors under the age of 15 (or minors under the age of 18 who are unable to understand the legal significance and consequences of such acts) such as the sexual abuse of children.  Any sexual activity outside of marriage is illegal in Saudi Arabia. In 2019, Saudi Arabia officially banned all marriages under the age of 18 for both men and women.  The push to ban child marriage was initially challenged by high-ranking clerics, who argued that a woman reaches adulthood during puberty.
However, the Saudi Shura Council has banned marriages before the age of 15 and requires court approval for those under 18.  Under the Child Protection Act, the Act contains a provision stating: “Before entering into a marriage contract, it must be ensured that a person who marries before the age of 18 is not prejudiced either male or female.”  Any sexual activity outside of marriage is illegal in Yemen. Until recently, Yemeni law set the age of consent at 15. However, this law has been abolished. Now, “Yemeni law allows girls of any age to marry, but it prohibits sexual relations with them until they are fit to have sex indefinitely.”  In 1999, the minimum age of fifteen marriages for women, which was rarely applied, was abolished; The onset of puberty, interpreted by the ulema as the age of nine, was set as a prerequisite for consummation of marriage.  This follows the revision of the Civil Code, which first set the legal age at 20 in 1876.