When the atrocities committed by Nazi Germany after the war became apparent, the consensus within the world community was that the Charter of the United Nations did not sufficiently define the rights to which it referred. A universal declaration establishing the rights of individuals is necessary to implement the provisions of the Charter of Human Rights. To do this, we investigate and denounce human rights violations wherever they occur. By stimulating our global movement, we are highlighting where people are at risk and providing information to future generations so that progressive respect for human rights makes it a reality for all. It was, in many ways, the epitome of multilateralism, which looked beyond its national interests and realized that certain values and interests go beyond national agendas and are common to humanity. Despite the great dynamism of the time, Eleanor Roosevelt`s task was by no means easy. Those who defend the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the highest or only model of a Charter of Equality and Freedom for All Peoples must be reminded that, given the Western origin and orientation of this Declaration, the “universality” of the assumptions on which it is based is at least problematic and questioned. In addition, the alleged incompatibility between the concept of human rights and religion in general or certain religions such as Islam must be examined impartially.  The UDHR was created on December 10, 1948 by the newly created United Nations in response to “barbaric acts … outraged the conscience of humanity” during the Second World War.
Their adoption recognized human rights as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace. Regardless of the differences between people, there is a basic principle that underlies all the rights described in the UDHR: every human being has the same inalienable rights. This means that human rights are the same for all men, women and children around the world, regardless of their situation. Can you briefly explain how the Second World War created the conditions for the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948? Perhaps what worries me most is the repression of human rights defenders. Country after country, the space for civil society is closing. We see this in the harsh laws restricting NGOs, often under the guise of fighting terrorism, and in the increasing number of cases of restrictions and reprisals against human rights defenders. This respect for and contempt for human rights has led to barbaric acts that have outraged the conscience of humanity. Faisal Kutty, a Canadian Muslim human rights activist, states that “it can be argued that the current formulation of international human rights represents a cultural structure in which Western society easily feels at home. It is important to recognize and appreciate that other societies may have equally valid alternative notions of human rights.  AG: High Commissioner Bachelet recently stated that she was convinced that the ideal of human rights was one of the most constructive movements of ideas in human history – and also one of the most successful. But today, this progress is in danger.
We are facing unprecedented challenges in implementing some of the same standards adopted by consensus by the Member States in 1948. We are witnessing a rollback of women`s rights, including sexual and reproductive rights and also LGBTI rights, although the record is mixed with progress in North and South America, Western Europe and other places, but a regression in other parts of the world. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris. The Declaration was born directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of what many believe to be the rights to which all human beings are naturally entitled. The UDHR calls on member states to promote a range of human, civil, economic and social rights, affirming that these rights are part of the “foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world”. It aims to recognize that “the inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family are the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.” The full text is published by the United Nations on its website. Access to the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders in different languages It is difficult to imagine that human rights exist in such situations where virtually all human rights are violated, making the role of the United Nations all the more important in reminding countries of their obligations to their people. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets out fundamental rights and freedoms for all. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration on December 10, 1948. In addition, some Muslim diplomats subsequently contributed to the drafting of other United Nations human rights treaties. For example, the Iraqi representative to the United Nations, Bedia Afnan, who insisted on formulations that recognize gender equality led to Article 3 of the ICCPR and the ICESCR, which, together with the UDHR, form the International Bill of Rights.
Pakistani diplomat Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah influenced the drafting of the Declaration, particularly with regard to women`s rights, and played a role in the preparation of the 1951 Genocide Convention.  She had to put pressure on governments, and she had to argue that certain rights are common to all countries at a time when the world was still very polarized. The USSR and other Soviet-influenced countries were not in favor of so-called “negative” rights, such as those calling on countries to refrain from violating civil and political rights. Others, including those from developing countries, expressed concern about the financial burden placed on Governments to guarantee “positive” economic, social and cultural rights. Everyone has the equal right to a fair and public trial by an independent and impartial tribunal to rule on his or her rights and obligations and on any criminal complaint brought against him.  The report also contains proposals for the implementation of the Declaration. In July 2011, Margaret Sekaggya published a commentary on the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, a key document outlining the rights provided for in the Declaration, which are mainly based on information and reports received under the mandate.